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Table of Contents

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

FORM 20-F

(Mark One)

REGISTRATION STATEMENT PURSUANT TO SECTION 12(b) OR (g) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

OR

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For The Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2020.

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

OR

SHELL COMPANY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

Date of event requiring this shell company report

Commission file number: 001-33863

XINYUAN REAL ESTATE CO., LTD.

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

N/A

(Translation of Registrant’s name into English)

Cayman Islands

(Jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

27/F, China Central Place, Tower II

79 Jianguo Road, Chaoyang District

Beijing 100025

People’s Republic of China

(Address of principal executive offices)

Yu (Brian) Chen

Xinyuan Real Estate Co., Ltd.

27F, China Central Place, Tower II,

79 Jianguo Road, Chaoyang District

Beijing 100025

People’s Republic of China

Tel: (86-10) 8588-9255

Fax: (86-10) 8588-9300

Email: irteam@xyre.com

(Name, Telephone, E-mail and/or Facsimile number and Address of Company Contact Person)

Securities registered or to be registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of Each Class

    

Trading Symbol(s)

    

Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered

American Depositary Shares, each representing two common shares, par value US$0.0001 per share

XIN

New York Stock Exchange

Securities registered or to be registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

None

(Title of Class)

Securities for which there is a reporting obligation pursuant to Section 15(d) of the Act:

None

(Title of Class)

Indicate the number of issued and outstanding shares of each of the Issuer’s classes of capital or common stock as of the close of the period covered by the annual report. 106,932,017 common shares, par value US$0.0001 per share, as of December 31, 2020.

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.

Yes No

If this report is an annual or transition report, indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

Yes No

Table of Contents

Note - Checking the box above will not relieve any registrant required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 from their obligations under those Sections.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).

Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company that prepares its financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards† provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

The term “new or revised financial accounting standard” refers to any update issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board to its Accounting Standards Codification after April 5, 2012.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.

Indicate by check mark which basis of accounting the registrant has used to prepare the financial statements included in this filing:

U.S. GAAP

International Financial Reporting Standards as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board  

Other  

If “Other” has been checked in response to the previous question, indicate by check mark which financial statement item the registrant has elected to follow.

Item 17 Item 18

If this is an annual report, indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

Yes No

(APPLICABLE ONLY TO ISSUERS INVOLVED IN BANKRUPTCY PROCEEDINGS DURING THE PAST FIVE YEARS)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed all documents and reports required to be filed by Sections 12, 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 subsequent to the distribution of securities under a plan confirmed by a court.

Yes No

Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

Page

EXPLANATORY NOTE

1

PART I

4

ITEM 1

IDENTITY OF DIRECTORS, SENIOR MANAGEMENT AND ADVISERS

4

ITEM 2

OFFER STATISTICS AND EXPECTED TIMETABLE

4

ITEM 3

KEY INFORMATION

4

 

A.

Selected financial data

4

 

B.

Capitalization and Indebtedness

6

 

C.

Reasons for the Offer and Use of Proceeds

6

 

D.

Risk Factors

7

ITEM 4

INFORMATION ON THE COMPANY

49

 

A.

History and Development of the Company

49

 

B.

Business Overview

49

 

C.

Organizational Structure

88

 

D.

Property, plant and equipment

88

ITEM 4A.

UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

88

ITEM 5

OPERATING AND FINANCIAL REVIEW AND PROSPECTS

89

 

A.

Operating Results

89

 

B.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

119

 

C.

Research and Development, Patent and Licenses, etc.

127

 

D.

Trend Information

127

 

E.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

127

 

F.

Tabular Disclosure of Contractual Obligations

128

 

G.

Safe Harbor

129

ITEM 6

DIRECTORS, SENIOR MANAGEMENT AND EMPLOYEES

130

 

A.

Directors and Senior Management

130

 

B.

Compensation

131

i

Table of Contents

 

C.

Board Practices

139

 

D.

Employees

142

 

E.

Share Ownership

143

ITEM 7

MAJOR SHAREHOLDERS AND RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

144

 

A.

Major Shareholders

144

 

B.

Related Party Transactions

144

 

C.

Interests of Experts and Counsel

145

ITEM 8

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

145

 

A.

Consolidated Statements and Other Financial Information

145

 

B.

Significant Changes

146

ITEM 9

THE OFFER AND LISTING

146

 

A.

Offer and Listing Details

146

 

B.

Plan of Distribution

146

 

C.

Markets

146

 

D.

Selling Shareholders

146

 

E.

Dilution

146

 

F.

Expenses of the Issue

146

ITEM 10

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

146

 

A.

Share Capital

146

 

B.

Memorandum and Articles of Association

147

 

C.

Material Contracts

149

 

D.

Exchange Controls

149

 

E.

Taxation

149

 

F.

Dividends and Paying Agents

154

 

G.

Statement by Experts

154

 

H.

Documents on Display

154

 

I.

Subsidiary Information

154

ii

Table of Contents

ITEM 11

QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

154

ITEM 12

DESCRIPTION OF SECURITIES OTHER THAN EQUITY SECURITIES

156

 

 

 

PART II

158

 

 

 

ITEM 13

DEFAULTS, DIVIDEND ARREARAGES AND DELINQUENCIES

158

ITEM 14

MATERIAL MODIFICATIONS TO THE RIGHTS OF SECURITY HOLDERS AND USE OF PROCEEDS

158

ITEM 15

CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

158

ITEM 16A.

AUDIT COMMITTEE FINANCIAL EXPERT

160

ITEM 16B.

CODE OF ETHICS

161

ITEM 16C.

PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES

161

ITEM 16D.

EXEMPTIONS FROM THE LISTING STANDARDS FOR AUDIT COMMITTEES

161

ITEM 16E.

PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES BY THE ISSUER AND AFFILIATED PURCHASERS

161

ITEM 16F.

CHANGE IN REGISTRANT’S CERTIFYING ACCOUNTANT

162

ITEM 16G.

CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

163

ITEM 16H.

MINE SAFETY

165

ITEM 16I.

DISCLOSURE REGARDING FOREIGN JURISDICTIONS THAT PREVENT INSPECTIONS

165

PART III

165

ITEM 17

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

165

ITEM 18

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

165

ITEM 19

EXHIBITS

166

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EXPLANATORY NOTE

The filing of this annual report for 2020 was delayed because we required additional time to review certain transactions that Xinyuan's former auditor Ernst & Young Hua Ming LLP, or EY, identified as potential related party transactions.

In order to develop this information, the Board of Directors directed the Audit Committee to review these transactions. The Audit Committee engaged the accounting firm, KPMG Advisory (China) Limited, or KPMG, and the law firm, Quinn Emanuel Urquhart & Sullivan, LLP, or Quinn Emanuel, to assist the Audit Committees with an internal review of these transactions, or the Internal Review.

The Internal Review took approximately six months. As part of the Internal Review, KPMG and QE: (i) reviewed the Company's policies and procedures regarding internal controls and related party transactions; (ii) reviewed relevant transactional records; (iii) independently obtained and reviewed bank account lists and bank transaction records for certain third parties and reconciled those records with the Company's books and records; (iv) conducted an e-mail and document review; (v) conducted site visits; (vi) conducted interviews with Company employees and certain relevant third-parties; and (vii) tested additional sample bank transactions under a risk-based approach. In conducting the Internal Review, the Internal Review Team regularly received and incorporated input from EY and the Audit Committee.

The Internal Review was completed in September 2021. It concluded that there was no direct evidence that the Company engaged in improper related party transactions. EY, however, does not believe the matters have been fully resolved to its satisfaction. As a result, EY resigned as the Company's external auditors. Accordingly, the Company's financial statements as of and for the two years ended December 31, 2020 have been audited by Union Power HK CPA Limited, as further described in Item 16 herein.

The Internal Review did not identify any material weaknesses in the Company's internal controls. Nonetheless, following the Internal Review, the Audit Committee recommended that the Company engage in remedial efforts to enhance the Company's transactional review process.

INTRODUCTION

Unless otherwise indicated and except where the context otherwise requires, references in this annual report on Form 20-F to:

“we,” “us,” “our company,” “our,” “the Group” or “Xinyuan” refers to Xinyuan Real Estate Co., Ltd., its predecessor entities and its subsidiaries;
“shares” or “common shares” refers to our common shares, par value US$0.0001 per share;
“ADSs” refers to our American depositary shares, each of which represents two common shares, and “ADRs” refers to the American depositary receipts that evidence our ADSs;
“China” or “PRC” refers to the People’s Republic of China, excluding, for the purposes of this Form 20-F only, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macau;
“U.S.” or “United States” refers to the United States of America;
“GFA” refers to gross floor area. The amounts for “total GFA” in this annual report are the amounts of total saleable residential and commercial GFA and are derived on the following basis:
for properties that are sold, the stated GFA is based on the sales contracts relating to such property; GFA may be adjusted based on final examination upon delivery of the property;
for unsold properties that are completed or under construction, the stated GFA is calculated based on the detailed construction blueprint and the calculation method approved by the PRC government for saleable GFA, after necessary adjustments; and

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for properties that are under planning, the stated GFA is based on the land grant contract and our internal projection;
“RMB” or “Renminbi” refers to the legal currency of China and “US$” or “U.S. dollars” refers to the legal currency of the United States; and
“sq.m” refers to square meters used as unit of area.

At present, there is no uniform standard to categorize the different types and sizes of cities in China. In this annual report, we refer to certain larger and more developed cities as tier I, tier II and tier III cities based on the categorization developed by China Business Network Co., Ltd., a financial media group. Their ranking system relies on commercial data from over 170 brands, customer behavior data from 19 internet companies, as well as big data from relevant statistics institutions.

Facts and statistics in this annual report relating to China, the Chinese economy and the China property development industry are sourced from various publicly available government and official sources, as indicated herein and may include projections based on a number of assumptions. We believe that the sources of this information are appropriate sources for such information. However, we cannot independently verify such information. Further, if one or more of the assumptions underlying the market data turn out to be incorrect, the actual results may differ from the projections based on these assumptions.

This annual report includes our audited consolidated financial statements for the years ended December 31, 2018, 2019 and 2020 and as of December 31, 2019 and 2020. Our financial statements and other financial data included in this annual report are presented in U.S. dollars. Our business and operations are primarily conducted in China through our PRC subsidiaries. The functional currency of our PRC subsidiaries is RMB. The functional currency of our U.S. subsidiaries is the U.S. dollar. The financial statements of our PRC subsidiaries are translated into U.S. dollars, using published exchange rates in China, based on (i) year-end exchange rates for assets and liabilities and (ii) average yearly exchange rates for revenues and expenses. Capital accounts are translated at historical exchange rates when the transactions occurred. The effects of foreign currency translation adjustments are included as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income in our shareholders’ equity. We make no representation that any RMB or U.S. dollar amounts could have been, or could be, converted into U.S. dollar or RMB, as the case may be, at any particular rate or at all.

The RMB is not freely convertible into foreign currency. The PRC government imposes control over its foreign currency reserves in part through direct regulation of the conversion of the RMB into foreign exchange and through restrictions on foreign trade. Since 2005, the People's Bank of China, or the PBOC, has allowed the RMB to fluctuate within a narrow and managed band against a basket of foreign currencies, according to market demand and supply conditions.

Our common shares are traded on the New York Stock Exchange, or the NYSE, in the form of ADSs under the symbol "XIN." Each ADS represents two common shares. The closing price of our ADSs on the NYSE as of March 1, 2022 was US$0.67 per ADS.

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS2

This annual report contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. All statements other than statements of historical facts are forward-looking statements. These statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from those expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements.

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You can identify these forward-looking statements by words or phrases such as “may,” “will,” “expect,” “is expected to,” “anticipate,” “aim,” “estimate,” “intend,” “plan,” “believe,” “potential,” “continue,” “is/are likely to” or other similar expressions or negatives of such expressions. These forward-looking statements include, among others, statements about:

our anticipated growth strategies;
our future business development, results of operations and financial condition;
our expectations with respect to our ability to acquire adequate suitable land use rights for future development; and
our belief with respect to market opportunities in, and growth prospects of, our target markets.

We have based these forward-looking statements largely on our current expectations and projections about future events and financial trends that we believe may affect our financial condition, results of operations, business strategy and financial needs. However, a number of known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors could affect the accuracy of these statements. Among the important factors to consider in evaluating our forward-looking statements are:

our ability to continue to implement our business model successfully;
our ability to secure adequate financing for our project developments;
our ability to successfully sell or complete our property projects under construction and planning;
our ability to enter into new geographic markets or new lines of business and expand our operations;
the marketing and sales ability of our third-party sales agents;
the performance of our third party contractors;
laws, regulations and policies relating to real estate developers and the real estate industry in the markets in which we operate;
our ability to obtain permits and licenses to carry on our business in compliance with applicable laws and regulations;
competition from other real estate developers;
the growth of the real estate industry in the markets in which we operate;
fluctuations in general economic and business conditions in the markets in which we operate, including the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and future pandemics; and
volatility of the trading price of our ADSs and risks associated with our ADSs if the trading price remains below US$1.00 for 30 consecutive trading days or more.

You should read thoroughly this annual report and the documents that we refer to herein with the understanding that our actual future results may be materially different from and/or worse than what we expect. We qualify all of our forward-looking statements by these cautionary statements. Other sections of this annual report include additional factors which could adversely impact our business and financial performance, including the risks outlined under “Item 3. Key Information — D. Risk Factors.” Moreover, we operate in an evolving environment. New risk factors emerge from time to time and it is not possible for our management to predict all risk factors, nor can we assess the impact of all factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statement.

You should not rely upon forward-looking statements as predictions of future events. The forward-looking statements made in this annual report relate only to events or information as of the date on which the statements are made in this annual report. We undertake no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as otherwise required by applicable securities laws.

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PART I

ITEM 1IDENTITY OF DIRECTORS, SENIOR MANAGEMENT AND ADVISERS

Not Applicable.

ITEM 2OFFER STATISTICS AND EXPECTED TIMETABLE

Not Applicable.

ITEM 3KEY INFORMATION

A.Selected financial data

Our Selected Consolidated Financial Data

The following selected consolidated statements of comprehensive income and other financial data for the years ended December 31, 2018, 2019 and 2020, other than earnings per ADS data, and the consolidated balance sheet data as of December 31, 2019 and 2020 have been derived from our audited consolidated financial statements which are included elsewhere in this annual report. Our audited consolidated financial statements have been prepared and presented in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles, or U.S. GAAP. Except for changes in operating subsidiaries, our consolidated financial statements have been prepared as if our current corporate structure had been in existence throughout the relevant periods.

Our selected consolidated statements of comprehensive income data for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2017 and our selected consolidated balance sheet data as of December 31, 2016, 2017 and 2018 have been derived from our audited consolidated financial statements included in prior years’ annual reports.

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The selected consolidated financial data should be read in conjunction with, and are qualified in their entirety by reference to, our audited consolidated financial statements and related notes and “Item 5. Operating and Financial Review and Prospects” included elsewhere in this annual report.

    

Years ended December 31

    

2016

    

2017

    

2018

    

2019

    

2020

    

US$

    

US$

    

US$

    

US$

    

US$

(in thousands except share, per share and per ADS data)

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Total revenue

 

1,561,625

 

1,976,907

 

2,217,551

 

2,482,633

 

1,745,763

Total costs of revenue

 

(1,203,636)

 

(1,517,279)

 

(1,602,073)

 

(1,922,323)

 

(1,453,296)

Selling and distribution expenses

 

(58,214)

 

(75,724)

 

(83,592)

 

(86,761)

 

(66,886)

General and administrative expenses

 

(120,416)

 

(136,845)

 

(156,456)

 

(163,687)

 

(154,177)

Operating income

 

179,359

 

247,059

 

375,430

 

309,862

 

147,810

Net income /(loss)

 

79,463

 

80,111

 

105,952

 

83,029

 

(67,483)

Net loss / (income) attributable to non-controlling interest

 

(6,485)

 

(16,483)

 

(32,917)

 

(14,684)

 

(13,557)

Net income / (loss) attributable to Xinyuan Real Estate Co., Ltd. shareholders

 

72,978

 

63,628

 

73,035

 

68,345

 

(81,040)

Earnings per share

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Basic

 

0.55

 

0.49

 

0.57

 

0.60

 

(0.75)

Diluted

 

0.53

 

0.48

 

0.57

 

0.60

 

(0.75)

Shares used in computation

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

-Basic

 

133,261,510

 

128,704,610

 

127,129,478

 

113,482,239

 

107,558,506

-Diluted

 

137,653,029

 

131,605,868

 

129,140,830

 

114,100,896

 

107,569,181

Earnings per ADS (1)

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

-Basic

 

1.10

 

0.99

 

1.14

 

1.20

 

(1.50)

-Diluted

 

1.06

 

0.97

 

1.14

 

1.20

 

(1.50)

(1)Earnings per ADS are calculated based on each ADS representing two common shares.